THEOSOPHY, Vol. 47, No. 11, September, 1959
(Pages 505-509; Size: 15K)
THE CENTRE OF UNITY(1)
THE LOGOS is the manifested deity with every nation and people. It is the outward expression, or the effect of the cause which is ever concealed. Thus speech is the Logos of thought. Hence it is aptly translated by the "Verbum" and "Word" in its metaphysical sense. The first beginning of a Manvantara opens invariably with the unknown and passive Deity from which emanates a certain active power or virtue, the mystery that is sometimes called Wisdom, sometimes the Son, very often God, Angel, Lord, and Logos. The latter is sometimes applied to the very first emanation, but in several systems it proceeds from the first androgyne or double ray produced at the beginning by the unseen. Philo depicts this Wisdom as male and female.
The Secret Doctrine admits a Logos or a collective "Creator" of the universe, a Demi-urgos, in the sense implied when one speaks of an architect and the creator of an edifice. The universe was evolved out of its ideal plan, upheld through eternity in the unconsciousness of that which the Vedantins call Parabrahm. The plan was furnished by the Ideation of the universe, and the constructive labor left to the hosts of intelligent Powers and Forces. These are the aggregate of the Dhyan-Chohanic and other forces, dual in character, composed of the irrational brute energy inherent in matter and the intelligent Soul or cosmic consciousness which directs and guides that energy, and which is the Dhyan-Chohanic thought reflecting the Ideation of the Universal Mind. Akasha, it is taught, is the universal space in which lies inherent the eternal Ideation of the universe in its ever-changing aspects on the planes of matter and objectivity, and from which radiates the First Logos, or expressed thought. That is why it is stated in the Puranas that Akasha has but one attribute, namely sound. For sound is but the translated symbol of Logos -- "Speech" in its mystic sense.
Eastern Occultists call the Abstract ALL the "Causeless One Cause," the "Rootless Root," and limit the "First Cause" to the Logos, in the sense Plato gives this term. Parabrahm and Mulaprakriti are One, in reality, yet two in the universal conception of the manifested, even in the conception of the One Logos -- IT appearing from the objective standpoint of the One Logos as Mulaprakriti and not as Parabrahm; as its veil and not the one REALITY hidden behind, which is unconditioned and absolute. In our conception the idea of absolute Unity would be broken entirely had we not something concrete before our eyes to contain that Unity. And the deity being absolute, must be omnipresent, hence not an atom but contains IT within itself. When the hour strikes and primordial substance becomes receptive to the Fohatic impress of the Divine Thought -- the Logos or male aspect of the Soul of the World -- its heart opens, it differentiates, and the three (Father, Mother, Son) are transformed into four. Herein lies the origin of the double mystery of the Trinity and the Immaculate Conception. The first and fundamental dogma of Occultism is the universal Unity or homogeneity under three aspects. This led to a possible conception of Deity, which as an absolute unity must remain forever incomprehensible to finite intellects.
In order to obtain a clear perception of That, the unrevealed Deity, one has first of all to admit the postulate of a universal, omnipresent, eternal Deity in Nature. Secondly, to have fathomed the mystery of electricity in its true essence; and thirdly, to credit man with being the septenary symbol on the terrestrial plane of the One Great UNIT -- the Logos -- which is itself the "seven-vowelled" sign, the Breath crystallized into the WORD. He who believes in all this has also to believe in the multiple combination of the seven planets of Occultism and of the Kabala, with the twelve zodiacal signs. He has to attribute as we do to each planet and to each constellation an influence which ... "is proper to it, beneficent or maleficent, and this, after the planetary Spirit which rules it; who in his turn is capable of influencing men and things which are found in harmony with him and with which he has any affinity," in the words of Ely Star, a French Occultist.
Belief in "Creators," or the personified Powers of Nature, is in truth no polytheism, but a philosophical necessity. Like all the other planets of our system, the earth has its seven Logoi -- the emanating rays of the one "Father-Ray" -- the Protogonos or the manifested "Logos" -- he who sacrifices his esse (or flesh, the universe) that the world may live and every creature therein have conscious being. It was god, the Logos (synthesis of the Host) who, presiding over the genii, became the first Shepherd and leader of men. Thus it is taught that Lucifer, the spirit of intelligent enlightenment and freedom of thought, is metaphorically the guiding beacon which helps man to find his way through the rocks and sandbanks of life, for Lucifer is the Logos in his highest, and the "Adversary" in his lowest aspect -- both of which are reflected in our Ego. In "Prometheus Bound" the crucified Titan is the personified symbol of the collective Logos, the "Host," and of the "Lords of Wisdom" or the Heavenly Man, who incarnated in humanity.
The Logos of every Cosmogony is the unknown Light, with which the Logos is said to be coeternal and coeval, reflected in the "First-Born" -- the Protogonos; and the Demiurgos or the Universal Mind directs his Divine Thought into the Chaos that under the fashioning of minor gods will be divided into seven aspects. ... It is Purusha, Ahura Mazda, Osiris, etc., and finally the gnostic Christos, who is ... Wisdom, the "Word." The gnostic Sophia, Wisdom, is the Holy Ghost and the Creator of all, as in the ancient systems. She is the Mother of all.
The "Father" is a far later invention. The earliest manifested Logos was female everywhere -- the mother of the seven planetary powers. Aditi and Vach, Venus, Isis, Ister, Eve -- are all the "Mothers of all living" and "of the gods." Cosmically and astronomically all the male gods became at first "Sun-gods," then, theologically, "Suns of Righteousness" and Logoi, all symbolized by the Sun. They are all Protogoni (the first-born). In astronomy Mercury is the son of Coelus and Lux -- of the sky and light, or the Sun; in mythology he is the progeny of Jupiter and Maia. He is the messenger of his Father Jupiter, the Messiah of the Sun. In Greek his name "Hermes" means among other things, the "Interpreter" of the "Word" by mouth; the Logos or VERBUM. When mortals shall have become sufficiently spiritualized, there will be no more need of forcing them into a correct comprehension of ancient Wisdom. Men will know then that there never yet was a great World-reformer, whose name has passed into our generation, who was not a direct emanation of the LOGOS (under whatever name known to us), i.e., an essential incarnation of one of "the seven" of the "divine Spirit who is sevenfold"; and who had not appeared before, during the past cycles.
The "One" and the "Dragon" are expressions used by the ancients in connection with their respective Logoi. The "Spirit of God moving on Chaos" was symbolized by every nation in the shape of a fiery serpent breathing fire and light upon primordial waters, until it had incubated cosmic matter and made it assume the annular shape of a serpent with its tail in its mouth -- which symbolized not only Eternity and Infinitude, but also the globular shape of all the bodies formed within the universe from that fiery mist. The serpent is surely not a less graceful or a more unpoetical image than the caterpillar and chrysalis from which springs the butterfly, the Greek emblem of the Psyche, the human soul. The Angels fallen into generation are referred to metaphorically as Serpents and Dragons of Wisdom.
The Dragon was also the symbol of the Logos with the Egyptians, as with the Gnostics. In the Book of Hermes, Pymander, the oldest and the most spiritual of the Logoi of the Western Continent, appears to Hermes in the shape of a fiery dragon of "Light, Fire, and Flame." Pymander, the "Thought Divine" personified, says: "The Light is me, I am the Nous (the mind or Manu), I am thy God, and I am far older than the human principle which escapes from the shadow (Darkness, or the concealed Deity). I am the germ of thought, the resplendent Word, the Son of God. All that thus sees and hears in thee is the Thought (Mahat) which is God, the Father (seventh principle in Man and Kosmos -- Logos of the Greeks and the Avalokiteswara of the esoteric Buddhists). The celestial Ocean, the Æther ... is the Breath of the Father, the life-giving principle, the Mother, the Holy Spirit. For these are not separated and their union is LIFE."
In the esotericism of the Vendantins, the Light manifested through the Logos (Eswara) is at one and the same time the Mother and the Daughter of the Logos (verbum) of Parabrahm. In that of the trans-Himalayan teachings it is -- in the hierarchy of the allegorical and metaphysical theogony -- "the Mother" or abstract, ideal matter, the Root of Nature. From the metaphysical standpoint it is a correlation of Adi-Bhuta, manifested in the Logos, Avalokiteswara. And from the purely occult and cosmical it is Fohat, the "Son of the Son" and androgynous energy resulting from this "Light of the Logos," and which manifests in the plane of the objective universe as the hidden as much as the revealed Electricity -- which is LIFE.
Diagrammatically, the first stage is the appearance of the potential point in the circle -- the unmanifested Logos. The second stage is the shooting forth of the Ray from the potential white point, producing the first point called kabalistically the "Crown" -- the second Logos. The third stage is the production of the first triangle, which is the third or manifested Logos -- in other words the subjective and objective universe. Further from this manifested Logos will proceed the Seven Rays, which in the Zohar are called the lower Sephiroth and in Eastern Occultism the primordial seven rays. Thence will proceed the innumerable series of hierarchies. The "Heavenly Adam" is the synthesis of the Sephirothal Tree, or of all the forces in Nature and their informing deific essence. In the diagrams the seventh of the lower Sephiroth -- Malkuth, the Kingdom of Harmony -- represents the feet of the ideal Macrocosm, whose head reaches the first manifested Head. This Heavenly Adam is the natura naturans, the abstract world, while the Adam of earth (humanity) is the Deity in its universal essence; the latter the manifestation of the intelligence of that essence. In the real Zohar -- not the fantastic and anthropomorphic caricature which we often find in the writings of Western kabalists -- there is not a particle of the personal deity which we find so prominent in the dark clothing of the Secret Wisdom known as the Mosaic Pentateuch.
"Thought and language are identical," said Professor Max Müller, adding to this the reflection that thoughts which are too deep for words do not really exist at all. But this is rather risky, as thought impressed upon the astral tablets exists in eternity whether expressed or not. Logos is both reason and speech. Language, proceeding in cycles, is not always adequate to express spiritual thoughts. Hence the "picture-writing," the symbol and glyph used by all antiquity, and all the names signifying the heterogeneous aspects of the manifested VERBUM.
Ahriman of the Zoroastrians is the manifested shadow of Ahura-Mazda, himself issued from the "boundless (circle of) Time" or the Unknown Cause. The six Amshaspends (seven with himself, chief of all), the primitive spiritual Angels and Men are collectively his Logos. Again, it is pretty well established that Christ, the Logos, or the God in Space and the Saviour on earth, is but one of the echoes of the same antediluvian and sorely misunderstood Wisdom. Kwan-Shai-Yin is identical with and an equivalent of the Sanskrit Avalokiteswara, and as such he is an androgynous deity, like the Tetragrammaton and all the Logoi of antiquity. The Logoi, like Jupiter or Zeus, Son of Kronos-Saturn ("Infinite Time"), in their origin were represented as containing both potencies, male and female. In the Indian Pantheon the double sexed Logos is Brahma, the Creator.
THE CHALDEAN LEGEND
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